Kallio E., Fedorov A., Budnik E., Sales T., Janhunen P., Schmidt W., Koskinen H., Riihela P., Barabash S., Lundin R., Holmstrom M., Gunell H., Brinkfeldt K., Futaana Y., Andersson H., Yamauchi M., Grigoriev A., Sauvaud J.-A., Thocaven J.-J., Winningham J.D., Frahm R.A., Sharber J.R., Scherrer J.R., Coates A.J., Linder D.R., Kataria D.O., Kozyra J., Luhmann J.G., Roelof E., Williams D., Livi S., Curtis C.C., Hsieh K.C., Sandel B.R., Grande M., Carter M., McKenna-Lawler S., Orsini S., Cerulli-Irelli R., Maggi M., Wurz P., Bochsler P., Krupp N., Woch J., Franz M., Asamura K., Dierker C.
Summary: We have analysed ion escape at Mars by comparing ASPERA-3/Mars Express ion measurements and a 3-D quasi-neutral hybrid model. As Mars Express does not have a magnetometer onboard, the analysed IMA data are from an orbit when the IMF clock angle was possible to determine from the magnetic field measurements of Mars Global Surveyor. We found that fast escaping planetary ions were observed at the place which, according to the 3-D model, is anticipated to contain accelerated heavy ions originating from the martian ionosphere. The direction of the interplanetary magnetic field was found to affect noticeably which regions can be magnetically connected to Mars Express and to the overall 3-D Mars-solar wind interaction. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.