October 14, 2014

Observations of magnetic anomaly signatures in Mars Express ASPERA-3 ELS data

Soobiah Y., Coates A.J., Linder D.R., Kataria D.O., Winningham J.D., Frahm R.A., Sharber J.R., Scherrer J.R., Barabash S., Lundin R., Holmstrom M., Andersson H., Yamauchi M., Grigoriev A., Kallio E., Koskinen H., Sales T., Riihela P., Schmidt W., Kozyra J., Luhmann J., Roelof E., Williams D., Livi S., Curtis C.C., Hsieh K.C., Sandel B.R., Grande M., Carter M., Sauvaud J.-A., Fedorov A., Thocaven J.-J., McKenna-Lawler S., Orsini S., Cerulli-Irelli R., Maggi M., Wurz P., Bochsler P., Krupp N., Woch J., Franz M., Asamura K., Dierker C.

Summary: Mars Express (MEX) Analyser of Space Plasmas and Energetic Atoms (ASPERA-3) data is providing insights into atmospheric loss on Mars via the solar wind interaction. This process is influenced by both the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) in the solar wind and by the magnetic 'anomaly' regions of the martian crust. We analyse observations from the ASPERA-3 Electron Spectrometer near to such crustal anomalies. We find that the electrons near remanent magnetic fields either increase in flux to form intensified signatures or significantly reduce in flux to form plasma voids. We suggest that cusps intervening neighbouring magnetic anomalies may provide a location for enhanced escape of planetary plasma. Initial statistical analysis shows that intensified signatures are mainly a dayside phenomenon whereas voids are a feature of the night hemisphere. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.